La Buire 1905

1905 car on display at the Rochetaillée-sur-Saône car museum

La Buire is the name of a district of Lyon. There, in 1847, the company Chantiers de La Buire was created, dedicated to the manufacture of trams and railway carriages, although it had serious ups and downs despite the fact that its work was of high quality. So much so that, in 1904, its leaders commissioned the construction of two automobiles with the aim of starting in that new and booming sector.

The Société des automobiles de la Buire was created in Lyon on May 6, 1905. It is a subsidiary of the Société Nouvelle des Établissements de l'Horme et de la Buire.

The most powerful of the two prototypes, the 24 HP, won the first edition of the Rochet Schneider Cup, while the 14 HP worked very well in the Ostend Week. Faced with such surprising results, the company decided to set up a specific division dedicated to car production. Already in 1905, the La Buire range consisted of four models: the 15/20 hp, 24/30 hp, 35/50 hp and the immense 80/100 hp, whose displacement was 13,618 cc. They all equipped a four-cylinder engine with valves at the head, four-speed gearbox and magneto ignition, techniques that placed the brand among the most avant-garde of French production.

The following entries in sports events were again translated into victories, which led to higher sales and increased brand prestige. Amid that euphoria, in 1908 saw the light of a new model with six-cylinder engine. Among the promotional events, one of them climbed the Sacré-cours parisino in front of a huge audience. The fact of having been able to overcome that steep slope made the La Buire were popularly nicknamed "the mountaineers", given their worth to advance uphill. In fact, before marketing their cars, the Lyon firm tested them on the nearby Alpine roads. However, La Buire stopped building large cars after the Great War and focused on a range of medium cars.

In 1909, on 28 September, the company was put into liquidation. The Société nouvelle de la Buire automobiles was then created. The parent company becomes Société Horme et Buire.

The company disappeared in 1930.

The production site

The first factory was located on Place de la Buire in Lyon (Place Bir-Hakeim). The second one was built in 1917, Rockfeller Avenue, in the third district (old chemin de Montplaisir).


after 1906

  • type 15 / 20 HP,
  • type 24 / 30 HP,
  • type 35 / 50 HP,
  • type 80 / 100 HP,
  • after 1908

  • Type 10/14 HP, 4-cylinder engine (75 × 120 mm), 2.1 litre displacement, the 6-cylinder engine with 25/30 hp (90 × 120 mm) and 4.7 litre displacement,
  • after 1913

  • type 7000, 7/8 HP, 4-cylinder, engine (65 × 130 mm),
  • type 7500, 8/9 HP, 4-cylinder, engine (70 × 150 mm),
  • type 8500, 12 HP, 4-cylinder engine, (80 × 160 mm),
  • type 9500, 16 HP, 4-cylinder engine, (90 × 160 mm)
  • after 1918

  • the 10 A type, 10 HP car, 1.8 litre engine, produced from 1923 to 1929
  • type 10 A2, 11 hp car, 2-litre engine, produced from 1927 to 1929
  • the 11 A type, 12 hp car, 2.2-litre engine, produced from 1919 to 1922
  • the type 12 A, 14 hp car, 2.8-liter engine, produced from 1924 to 1925
  • the type 12 B, 15 HP car, 2.9 litre engine, produced from 1924
  • Conserved vehicles

  • type 8HP, 1905, 2 seats, Henri-Malartre Automobile Museum
  • type 1000, 1912, 2 seats, serial number: 1001, England
  • type 10 A, 1924, serial number: 324, 4-cylinder engine, 1860 cm3, torpedo
  • type 10 A, 1924, serial number: 348, 4-cylinder engine, 1860 cm3, torpedo
  • type 10 A, 1925, serial number: 504, 4-cylinder engine, 1860 cm3, torpedo
  • type 12 A, 1928, serial number: 1210, 4-cylinder engine, 12HP, torpedo
  • type 12 A, 1928, serial number: 1213, 4-cylinder engine, 12HP, torpedo (retro-mobile 2015)
  • type 12 A, 1925, serial number: 1493, 4-cylinder engine, 2,860 cm3, sedan
  • type 12 A, 1925, serial number: 1494, 4-cylinder engine, 2,860 cm3, sedan with flexible body
  • type 12 A, 1925, serial number: 1604, 4-cylinder engine, 2,860 cm3, sedan
  • Image: Buch-t [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Source: translation /

    La Buire models:

    1 - La Buire Type 10 A Torpédo (1927)


    ENGINE: 4 cylinders in line, cast iron block and cylinder head, three support crankshaft and liquid cooling. Position: Front longitudinal. Diameter x stroke: … Read more “

    2 - La Buire Type 12A Saloon (1924)

    La Buire Type 12A Saloon

    La Buire built a range of four-cylinder cars including a 13.6-litre Leviathan, one of which was driven in UK hill climbs by Joseph … Read more “

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